By John Carriero, Janet Broughton, Annie Wauters
A set of greater than 30 in particular commissioned essays, this quantity surveys the paintings of the 17th-century philosopher-scientist often considered as the founding father of glossy philosophy, whereas integrating specified essays detailing the context and impression of his paintings.
- Covers the whole diversity of ancient and philosophical views at the paintings of Descartes
- Discusses his seminal contributions to our knowing of skepticism, mind-body dualism, self-knowledge, innate principles, substance, causality, God, and the character of animals
- Explores the philosophical importance of his contributions to arithmetic and science
- Concludes with a piece at the effect of Descartes's paintings on next philosophers
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Extra resources for A Companion to Descartes
Blind efficient causes and mere motion from place to place are marginal, limiting cases. A world like Descartes’s was not unthinkable: the Aristotelians had, after all, the examples of Democritus and Epicurus to consider. But to conceive of natural change in their manner, or in Descartes’s, would in their view have precluded knowing the natures of things and the true causes of change. Actual and potential Fundamental to the Aristotelian conception of natural change is the distinction between actus and potentia (“act” and “potency”).
Nevertheless the Aristotelians held that in every natural thing there is one form that deserves to be called the form of that thing: its “substantial” form. In a living thing, for 21 dennis des chene example, the soul is the substantial form, accompanied by many “accidental” forms – the quantity and qualities of body and soul. There is also in every natural thing a first or “prime” matter that persists even when the thing is destroyed or corrupted to the point of becoming, as an animal does in death, another kind of thing.
Verdet. Paris: Seuil. Des Chene, D. (1996). Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Fabri, H. (1669–71). Physica, id est, scientia rerum corporearum. Lyon: Laurent Anisson. , ed. (2003). Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 31 dennis des chene Fonseca, P. (1964). Commentariorum Petri Fonsecæ Lusitani . . in Libros metaphysicorum Aristotelis . . Hildesheim: Olds. (Originally published 1615) Garber, D.