By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin
Because the early Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, essentially to Israel and the united states. principally as a result of the innovative and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their buddies through the global this nice exodus had very important ramifications for US kinfolk with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. additionally, the luck of yank Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the neighborhood, which on a number of a long time prior to were not able to extricate hundreds of thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This ebook, half heritage, half occasion, combines essays through students with memoirs and primary hand bills to chronicle this amazing rescue challenge.
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Extra info for A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews
Just imagine if the Soviet Union would hold a conference on the civil rights situation of the Negroes and send a formal delegation to Krutchev [sic], asking him to intervene. What would be the reaction in America to such a procedure? ”74 Friedman & Chernin: A Second Exodus 38 page 38 ov e rv i e w Weinstein replied, “If indeed there were Negroes in the Soviet Union, no one should be upset if a group of them, as Soviet citizens, spoke to General Secretary Khrushchev about the treatment of their black brothers and sisters in the United States.
In short, Jews still lived in fear, unable to fulfill themselves as Jews or to become secure members of Soviet society. Nor was the option to emigrate available to them; emigration was almost nonexistent. To the horror of Westerners, Soviet Jews, as the traditional hated outsiders, were once again used as scapegoats from 1961 to 1964 in a government campaign against “economic crimes,” which were endemic in the Soviet Union. The government sent its message by arresting and trying hundreds of Jews, and imposing death sentences on ninety-one of them.
27 On 16 February 1953, Senator James E. ), joined by twenty-three of his Democratic and Republican colleagues, introduced a resolution that would express the Senate’s profound sense of shock at the persecution of the Jews of the USSR. It was referred to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. ), favorably reported out a resolution that diluted the singular focus on Jewish persecution of the Murray resolution. The revised resolution condemned “the Soviet Government and its puppet states” for their campaigns against minority groups.